Ibn Jubair al Battani
Mohammed ibn Dschābir al-Battānī oder Abū ʿAbdullāh Muhammad ibn Dschābir ibn Sinān al-Harrānī as-Sābī al-Battānī, ‏أبو عبد الله محمد بن جابر بن سنان الحراني الصابي البتاني‎, DMG Abū ʿAbdullāh Muḥammad ibn Ǧābir ibn Sinān al-Ḥarrānī aṣ-Ṣābī al-Battānī, latinisiert Albategnius oder Albatanius (* etwa zwischen 850 und 869 in Harran nahe Şanlıurfa – heute Türkei; † 929 auf der Reise von Bagdad nach Raqqa in Qasr al-Dschiss (Samarra)) war ein arabischer Gelehrter und gilt als einer der größten Astronomen im Nahen Osten.
Al-Battânî vermittelte der arabischen Welt die Grundlagen der indischen Mathematik (Lehrbuch „Retha Ganita“: indische Ziffern, das Konzept der Null, Grundlagen der Geometrie und der Algebra). Durch die Araber weiterentwickelt gelangten diese Grundlagen später nach Europa.
Die astronomischen Tafeln Al-Battânîs wurden unter dem Titel Scientia Stellarum erstmals im Jahr 1537 in Nürnberg gedruckt.
Al-Battânî war Statthalter der Kalifen in Syrien. Seine astronomischen Beobachtungen hat er teils in Damaskus, teils in Aracta in Mesopotamien angestellt, weshalb er auch Mohammedes Aractensis heißt. Er berechnete die Länge des Sonnenjahrs auf 365 Tage 5 Stunden 46 Minuten 24 Sekunden, also bis auf rund zwei Minuten genau. Al-Battânî unterwarf die (scheinbare) Exzentrizität der Sonnenbahn einer neuen genauen Untersuchung und bemerkte dabei zuerst die Bewegung des Apogäums und berechnete die Bewegung der Planeten sehr genau. Weiterhin fügte er neue Tafeln und viele Modifikationen der herkömmlichen Theorie, des ptolemäischen Systems, hinzu. Bedeutend ist aber vor allem Al-Battânîs Verdienst um die Trigonometrie, in welcher er als erster statt geometrischer Sehnen den Sinus gebrauchte. Er fand und bewies als erster den Sinussatz.
Außerdem bewies er, dass das Verhältnis von Sinus durch Cosinus dem Tangens entspricht:
\tan \alpha = \frac{\sin \alpha}{\cos \alpha}
\sec \alpha = \sqrt{1 + \tan^2 \alpha }
Er löste auch die Gleichung sin x = a cos x:
\sin x = \frac{a}{\sqrt{1 + a^2}}
Der Mondkrater Albategnius ist nach ihm benannt.

Dies ist ein Auszug aus dem Artikel Ibn Jubair al Battani der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia. In der Wikipedia ist eine Liste der Autoren verfügbar.
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Ibn Jubair al Battani – Wikipedia
Ibn Jubair al Battani. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Weiterleitung. Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche. #REDIRECT Al-Battani.
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Ibn Dschubair – Wikipedia
Für den gleichnamigen kurdischen Astronomen siehe al-Battani. Ibn Dschubair, auch Ibn Jubayr (mit vollem Namen ‏أبي الحسن محمد بن أحمد بن جبير الكناني‎ ...
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Al-Battani - Universalium
Ibn Jubair al Battani — Al Battani Mohammed ibn Dschābir al Battānī oder Abū ʿAbdullāh Muhammad ibn Dschābir ibn Sinān al Harrānī as Sābī al Battānī, ‏أبو ...
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Mohammed Jubair - Email, Fotos, Telefonnummern zu ... - Vebidoo
Informationen zu Mohammed Jubair wie Fotos, Kontaktdaten ...
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Az-Zubair Ibn Al-'Awaam :: Stories Of The Companions :: قصص ...
Az-Zubair Ibn Al-'Awaam :: Stories Of The Companions :: قصص الصحابة رضوان الله عليهم -- 'Abbaad Ibn Bishr | 'Abdullah Ibn 'Abbaas | 'Abdullah Ibn 'Amr Ibn ...
www.esinislam.com/Muslim_Biography/As-Sahabah_The_Companions/As-Sahabah_The_Companions_35.htm
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'Abdullah Ibn Az-Zubair :: Stories Of The Companions :: قصص ...
During his dispute and wars with Bani Umaiyah (the Ommiads), Al-Husain Ibn Numair, the leader of the army sent by Yaziid to suppress Ibn Az-Zubair's revolt, ...
www.esinislam.com/Muslim_Biography/As-Sahabah_The_Companions/As-Sahabah_The_Companions_11.htm
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Lexikon Index Ib
Ibn Dschubair al-Battani · Ibn Fadlan · Ibn Hanbal · Ibn Hazm · Ibn Hud · Ibn Jubair al Battani · Ibn Khaldun · Ibn Mardanisch · Ibn Rushd · Ibn Saud · Ibn Sina
www.uni-protokolle.de/Lexikon/IndexIb.html
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India – World Guru of Mathematics (Part – 7) | Mysteries Explored
29 Aug 2011 ... The Arab scholar Mohammed Ibn Jubair al Battani studied Indian use of ratios from Retha Ganita and introduced them among the Arab ...
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Muḥammad ibn Jābir al-Ḥarrānī al-Battānī…
Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Jābir ibn Sinān al-Raqqī al-Ḥarrānī al-Ṣābiʾ al-Battānī (Latinized as Albategnius, Albategni or Albatenius) (c. 858 ...
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Ibn Jubair - Wikipédia
Ibn Djubayr (ابن جبير en arabe - nom complet Abū ad-Dīn al-Husayn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Jubayr), également appelé Jabair (1145 - 1217) est un ...
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Muḥammad ibn Jābir al-Ḥarrānī al-Battānī - Wikipedia, the free ...
Little is known about al-Battānī's life beside that he was born in Harran near Urfa, .... Arabic Sciences and Philosophy (Cambridge University Press) 21 (1).
Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the university, see Al-Beroni University. ... Abū al-Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Bīrūnī (born 4/5 September 973 in Kath, Khwarezm, died 13 December  ...
Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Al-Tabari gave his name as Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwārizmī al-Majousi ..... copy of Kitāb ṣūrat al-Arḍ, which is kept at the Strasbourg University Library.
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as the Creator, Evolver and Maintainer of the Uni- verse ... Qurrah, Al-Kliwarizmi, Al- Battani, Al-Zarqali, Al- ... Al- Qazwini, Mastawafi, Ibn Jubair, Ibn Battutah.
Mathematics - Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
3 May 2013 ... In ancient India, Mathematics was considered to be the mother of all ... The Arab scholar Mohammed Ibn Jubair al Battani studied Indian use of .... for Advanced Computer Studies, University of Southwestern Louisiana, 1998 ...
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(University of South Australia, 1996) .... The Arab scholar Mohammed Ibn Jubair al Battani studied Indian use of ratios from Retha Ganita and introduced them ...
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The works of several travellers like Ibni-Jubayr, Al-Mazini and Ibni Batutah are ... He refers to his indebtedness to Al-Zarqali and Al-Battani in his book 'De ...
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Illustrated Encylopedia of World History
Illustrated Encylopedia of World History
For example, al-Farabi, acknowledged as one of the greatest of all Moslem philosophers, came to Bagdad from Otrar (formerly called ... philosophical systems had always been cultivated — the native place of the great Sabian teacher al-Battani (Albategnius in Europe) ... dictionaries, like Yakut's (who was a Greek slave, but educated at Bagdad) ; and travel books by Idrisi, Bekri, Ibn Jubair and others.
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Mit dem Islam kam ein Schatz zurück nach Europa: das verlorene Erbe der griechischen Antike.Ein Who is Who der Denker, Sterndeuter und Naturforscher: von den griechischen Anfängen über die Blütezeit der islamischen Gelehrsamkeit bis ins frühneuzeitliche Westeuropa.Ein Who is Who der Denker, Sterndeuter und Naturforscher: von den griechischen Anfäng...
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from quotations in al-Makrizl's al-Khttat and in Ibn Dukmak, Kilab al-Eiund al-G] iarbi or al-Adjnad al-Ghurabf ()), a K. al-Khandak wa V- Tarawlk (on the fight for the trench made by Ibn al- Zubair's governor Ibn Djahdam for the defence of al- Fustat), a A". al-Kliitat', a K. Afchbar ... did write a larger work with the same title which the son quotes several times, according to Nallino, Opus Astron. al-Battani, ii. 325.
The Undergraduate's Companion to Arab Writers and Their Web ...
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808-842 Abu Ya'qub al-Sijistani, Ishaq ibn Ahmad, 10th century al-Afghani, Jamal al-Din, 1838-1897 Alhazen, ... 892 al-Battani, Muhammad ibn Jabir, d. ... 768 Ibn Jubayr, Muhammad ibn Ahmad, 1145-1217 IbnKhaldun, 1332-1406 Ibn  ...
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The Arab scholar Mohammed Ibn Jubair al Battani studied Indian use of ratios from Rekha Ganita and introduced them among the Arab scholars like Al Khwarazmi, Washiya and Abe Mashar. The chief exponent of this Indo-Arab amalgam in ...
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The Aristotelian theory of solid spheres was introduced to Islam by Ibn al- Haytham, and Muslim authors accordingly came to consider ... as al-Khuwarizmi, al-Farghani and al-Battani, geography, which had hitherto been merely a literary subject, was able to develop in the direction of a cosmography. ... encyclopaedias (al-'Umari) and detailed and picturesque accounts of travels like those of Ibn Jubayr (d.
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Ibn Jubair al Battani
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