Stephen of Blois
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Stephen (c. 1092/6 – 25 October 1154), often referred to as Stephen of Blois, was a grandson of William the Conqueror. He was King of England from 1135 to his death, and also the Count of Boulogne in right of his wife. Stephen's reign was marked by the Anarchy, a civil war with his cousin and rival, the Empress Matilda. He was succeeded by Matilda's son, Henry II, the first of the Angevin kings.
Stephen was born in the County of Blois in middle France; his father, Count Stephen-Henry, died while Stephen was still young, and he was brought up by his mother, Adela. Placed into the court of his uncle, Henry I, Stephen rose in prominence and was granted extensive lands. Stephen married Matilda of Boulogne, inheriting additional estates in Kent and Boulogne that made the couple one of the wealthiest in England. Stephen narrowly escaped drowning with Henry I's son, William Adelin, in the sinking of the White Ship in 1120; William's death left the succession of the English throne open to challenge. When Henry I died in 1135, Stephen quickly crossed the English Channel and with the help of his brother Henry of Blois, a powerful ecclesiastic, took the throne, arguing that the preservation of order across the kingdom took priority over his earlier oaths to support the claim of Henry I's daughter, the Empress Matilda.
The early years of Stephen's reign were largely successful, despite a series of attacks on his possessions in England and Normandy from David I of Scotland, Welsh rebels, and the Empress Matilda's husband, Geoffrey of Anjou. In 1138 the Empress's half-brother Robert of Gloucester rebelled against Stephen, threatening civil war. Together with his close advisor, Waleran de Beaumont, Stephen took firm steps to defend his rule, including arresting a powerful family of bishops. When the Empress and Robert invaded in 1139, however, Stephen was unable to crush the revolt rapidly, which took hold in the south-west of England. Captured at the battle of Lincoln in 1141, Stephen was abandoned by many of his followers and lost control of Normandy. Stephen was freed only after his wife and William of Ypres, one of his military commanders, captured Robert at the Rout of Winchester, but the war dragged on for many years with neither side able to win an advantage.
Stephen became increasingly concerned with ensuring that his son Eustace would inherit his throne after him. The king attempted to convince the Church to agree to crown Eustace to reinforce his claim; Pope Eugene III refused, and Stephen found himself in a sequence of increasingly bitter arguments with his senior clergy. In 1153 the Empress's son, Henry FitzEmpress, invaded England and built an alliance of powerful regional barons to support his claim for the throne. The two armies met at Wallingford, but neither side's barons were keen to fight another pitched battle. Stephen began to examine a negotiated peace, a process hastened by the sudden death of Eustace. Later in the year Stephen and Henry agreed to the Treaty of Winchester, in which Stephen recognised Henry as his heir in exchange for peace, passing over William, Stephen's second son. Stephen died the following year. Modern historians have extensively debated the extent to which Stephen's personality, external events, or the weaknesses in the Norman state contributed to this prolonged period of civil war.

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Stephan (England) – Wikipedia
Stephan von Blois, eng.: Stephen of Blois, frz.: Étienne de Blois (* 1097; † 25. Oktober 1154) war König der Engländer von 1135 bis 1154. Er war der Sohn von  ...
de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephan_(England)
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Stephen (king of England) -- Encyclopedia Britannica - Britannica.com
... the throne by usurpation but failed to consolidate his power during the ensuing civil strife. Stephen was the third son of Stephen, Count of Blois and Chartres,...
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/565388/Stephen
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BBC - History - King Stephen
Stephen was born in around 1097 in Blois, France, the son of the Count of Blois and Adela, daughter of William the Conqueror. He was sent to England to be ...
www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/stephen_king.shtml
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Stephen, grandson of William the…
Stephen was the grandson of William the Conqueror and about half-dozen years older than his cousin and rival for the throne, Matilda (daughter of Henry I).
www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon25.html
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Stephen, King of England - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stephen (c. 1092/6 – 25 October 1154), often referred to as Stephen of Blois (Old French: Estienne de Blois), was a grandson of William the Conqueror. He was ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen,_King_of_England
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Maud: Empress of Germany and Queen of England - Freepages
The chief candidate for King now that William was dead was King Henry's nephew Stephen of Blois, son of his sister Adela. But Henry decided that he did not ...
freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~queens/Maud.html
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King Stephen
King Stephen. Short Biography, facts and interesting information about King Stephen of England during the Middle Ages
www.lordsandladies.org/king-stephen.htm
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Stephen and Matilda: Where History Happened | History Extra
18 Feb 2010 ... Henry's nephew, Stephen of Blois, felt that he had a good claim to the throne. When Henry died (probably from dysentery) in 1135, Stephen ...
www.historyextra.com/feature/stephen-and-matilda-where-history-happened
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The Civil War of Stephen and Matilda. - English Monarchs
King Stephen Henry I's nephew, Stephen of Blois, was the son of the Conqueror's youngest daughter Adela and her husband Stephen, Count of Blois, Click for ...
www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/normans_4.htm
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King Stephen
King Stephen - Kings and Queens from Alfred the Great to Elizabeth II. ... Parents: Stephen, Count of Blois, and Adela (daughter of William I) Relation to ...
www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=stephen
Suchergebnisse für "Stephen of Blois"
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Stephen of Blois in der Wissenschaft
Stephan II. (Blois) – Wikipedia
Stephan Heinrich von Blois (Etienne Henri; * um 1045; † 19. Mai 1102 nach der Schlacht von Ramla) war seit 1089 ein Graf von Blois, Chartres, Châteaudun, ...
Stephen, Count of Blois - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the King of England called "Stephen of Blois", see Stephen of England. ... God's war: a new history of the Crusades, (Harvard University Press, 2006), 87.
Crusader Letters - Fordham University
Stephen, Count of Blois and Chartres, To his Wife Adele. (Antioch, March 29 ).
A letter by Count Stephen of Blois on 03/1098 | Epistolae
Adela, countess of Blois, Chartres, and Meaux. Translated letter: Count Stephen to Adele, his sweetest and most amiable wife, to his dear children, and to all his ...
Steve Blois profiles | LinkedIn
View the profiles of professionals named Steve Blois on LinkedIn. ... Six Sigma, Air Canada, The University of Western, Brooks School, North Andover, MA ...
Stephan (England) - Uni-Protokolle.de
8. Jan. 2014 ... Stephan von Blois 1135 bis 1154 König von England . Er war der Sohn der Gräfin von Blois und damit ein Enkel Wilhelm des Eroberers .
Full text of "The first crusade; the accounts of eyewitnesses and ...
Some of them, such as the letter s of -Stephen of Blois and Anselm of Ribemont, have a charm ..... jC:hurcli, we find a jfairly uni form practice among the writers.
Stephen of Blois
Stephen (c.1090-1154) King of England (1135-54), Duke of Normandy (1135-54) : Son of Stephen, Count of Blois, and Adela, daughter of William I. Although he ...
Bücher zum Begriff Stephen of Blois
Hiobs Brüder
Hiobs Brüder
Rebecca Gablé von Bastei Lübbe, 2011
"Was dachte Gott sich nur dabei, das geschehen zu lassen? War es eine Prüfung? Hatte Gott sich überlegt: Ich schlage dich mit einem Gebrechen, das dich zum Außenseiter macht, und dann schaue ich tatenlos zu, wie die Menschen Schindluder mit dir treiben, um zu sehen, wie fest dein Glaube ist? Waren sie alle, die von der Insel entkommen waren, H...
Crusaders and Crusading in the Twelfth Century
Crusaders and Crusading in the Twelfth Century
Giles Constable, 2008
Bourges 1863-71), II, 298-9; on Stephen of Blois, James Brundage, 'An Errant Crusader: Stephen of Blois', Traditio 16 (1960), 380-95, and the genealogical chart in Ralph H. C. Davis, King Stephen, 1 135- 1 1 54 (London 1967), showing  ...
Die Hüterin der Krone: Historischer Roman
Die Hüterin der Krone: Historischer Roman
Elizabeth Chadwick und Nina Bader von Blanvalet Taschenbuch Verlag, 2013
In einer unbarmherzigen Zeit kämpfen zwei Frauen um Krone und GlückEngland im 12. Jahrhundert. Der Kampf um die höchste Macht verbindet zwei sehr unterschiedliche Frauen: Matilda, Tochter Henrys des Ersten, ist bestimmt, die Krone Englands zurückzugewinnen. Und ihre Stiefmutter Adeliza, die nach dem Tod ihres Mannes einen Krieger der Opposition hei...
The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading
The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading
Jonathan Riley-Smith, Jonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith, 1991
From the winter of 1096-7 onwards crusaders were drifting back to western Europe, Obloquy was heaped on the heads of the early homecomers, like Emich of Leiningen, who had been turned back in the Balkans, Stephen of Blois, who had ...
Von Ratlosen und Löwenherzen: Eine kurzweilige, aber nützliche Geschichte des englischen Mittelalters
Von Ratlosen und Löwenherzen: Eine kurzweilige, aber nützliche Geschichte des englischen Mittelalters
Rebecca Gablé von Bastei Lübbe (Lübbe Ehrenwirth), 2008
Schluss mit dem Mythos über die düstere Zeit willkürlicher Kriege, blutrünstiger Hexenverfolgungen und hygienischer Katastrophen - her mit dem Mittelalter, wie es auch war. In ihrem ersten Sachbuch erzählt uns die Bestsellerautorin Rebecca Gablé die Geschichte des englischen Mittelalters neu: kompetent und informativ, herrlich farbenprächtig und mi...
St. William of York
St. William of York
Christopher Norton, 2006
No such sister of the king is recorded, but Poole suggested that she was an illegitimate daughter of Count Stephen of Blois and therefore a half- sister of King Stephen.13 However, as Bilson had already pointed out, this is almost impossible on ...
Die Templer - Der Schatz des Blutes: Roman
Die Templer - Der Schatz des Blutes: Roman
Jack Whyte und Barbara Schnell von Blanvalet Taschenbuch Verlag, 2007
Frankreich, Ende des elften Jahrhunderts: Der fränkische Ritter Hugh de Payens ist entsetzt von den korrupten Machenschaften eines durch und durch verkommenen Klerus. Und so schließt der junge Mann sich nur zu gern einer geheimen Bruderschaft an, die seit Jahrhunderten ein geradezu irrwitziges Ziel verfolgt: den Sturz der übermächtigen katholischen...
Bischofsmord im Mittelalter; Murder of Bishops: (Veroffentlichungen Des Max-Planck-Instituts Fur Geschichte)
Bischofsmord im Mittelalter; Murder of Bishops: (Veroffentlichungen Des Max-Planck-Instituts Fur Geschichte)
Natalie Fryde und Dirk Reitz von Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003
Krieg und Gewalt bildeten anerkannte Mittel der politischen Auseinandersetzung im Mittelalter. Auch Kleriker blieben davon nicht unberührt. Auffällig häufen sich Bischofsmorde in bestimmten Gebieten und Zeitabschnitten, auch wurden Bischöfe Opfer der Fehden adliger Geschlechter, denen sie entstammten.Quellenkritisch, fast kriminalistisch recherchie...
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